Merzlov Yuri Albertovich,

Cherepashkin Alexei Sergeyevich

ON THE SOCIAL CAUSES OF CRIME IN SMALL TOWNS (on Materials of the Chelyabinsk Region)

 

Annotation

The crisis in the economy played a  crucial role in the occurrence of deep social strains, many of which have expressed criminogenic meaning.

 

Key concepts:

crime,

population,

unemployment,

social factor.

 

 

Muchortova Veronika Nikolaevna

 

FEATURES OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE CONCEPT OF «PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY»

 

Annotation

The article presents an overview of theoretical and methodological approaches of the concept of «professional identity». Conclusions about key aspects of the sociological perspective of «professional identity» were drawn on the basis of the interdisciplinary and sociological concepts. The concept of «professional identity» is developed on the status and roles theory, the value approach, sociology of professions, sociology and psychology of labor. As a result some objective and measurable indices of professional identity were suggested.

 

Key concepts:

identity,

professional identity,

sociological concept.

 

 

Maklashova Yelena Gavrilovna

 

THE QUALITY OF LIFE AS AN INDICATOR OF ETHNOSOCIAL PROCESSES (ON MATERIALS OF ARCTIC YAKUTIA)

 

Annotation

The article is based on the results of expeditions to the Arctic regions of Yakutia in 2013. The author establishes the specifics of the social situation in the Yakut Arctic through the prism of public opinion about the quality of social services. Study is based on a quantitative method of sociological analysis. The main indicators for assessing social development are the social services such as leisure, medicine and education. Results of the research emphasize, that measures of the maintenance of the quantity of the Yakut arctic regions population through improving the quality of life are very necessary in the current ethnosocial conditions in the North of Yakutia.

 

Key concepts:

the Arctic,

quality of life,

population,

ethnosocial processes in Yakutia.

 

 

Andryushchenko Olga Evgenyevna,

Sadovnikov Evgeny Sergeevich

 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SUBJECT OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR OWN HEALTH AS A PROBLEM OF THE VALUE SELFDETERMINATION OF A MAN

 

Annotation

The mechanisms of formation of the subject of responsibility about own health from the position of value selfdetermination of a man. This article discusses the drive for self-identity as a significant social need, reflecting self-consciousness, feelings and personal attitudes. Contemporary modernization processes contributing to the problem of self-identification of a person, including a healthy lifestyle, is analyzed in the paper. It is noted that the main structural elements of the mechanism of development of the subject of responsibility for own health, apart from allocated meaningful elements in philosophy, are the physicality of the person and the role of the significant other. The authors indicate that the «natural» body is determined by a person on the border condition of health and illness, pathology and norm. The most effective type of reaction on the subject of responsibility for own health on the border-type centered conditions is justified.

 

Key concepts:

the subject of responsibility,

value self-determination,

health,

healthy lifestyle,

physicality,

«natural» body.

 

 

Savchenkov Alexander Vitalyevich

 

INFLUENCE OF CRITICAL AND ONTOLOGICAL FEATURES OF DISCOURSE ON THE FORMATION OF PERSONAL IDENTITY

 

Annotation

In the article critical and ontological features of a discourse, due to which the social subject is capable to make transitions from one discourse reality to another, making, some kind of, travel, are considered. The question “Who Speaks” starts the process of travel of the subject which is a border of at least two discourses, and change of this boarder is followed by reconsideration of the subjectivity.

 

Key concepts:

discourse,

border,

transgression,

criticism,

meaning.

 

 

Isaev Andrej Anatolevich

 

HUMAN AS THE CENTER OF CONSIDERATION CONCEPTS: BEING, ESSENCE, EXISTENCE

 

Annotation

The author substantiates the idea that modern clarification of the meaning of ontological concepts of being and essence is impossible without linking them to the concept of existence proposed by existentialism. Ontology in modern philosophy should be regarded primarily as antropo-ontology, because exactly human becomes a center of consideration of all ontological problems.

 

Key concepts:

man,

being,

essence,

existence.

 

 

Usov Vladimir Nikolaevich

 

PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION OF HUMAN IDENTITY COMPREHENSION

 

Annotation

The only way to conceive human identity is the clarification of essence and specifics of philosophical reflection. Human position is defined by the latter as a form of social consciousness and in every situation. Personal responsibility is the true humanity of a human in this case.

 

Key concepts:

philosophical reflection,

self-reflection,

self-determination,

identity,

responsibility.

 

 

Gribovod Yekaterina Grigoryevna

 

THE PROCESS OF MEDIATIZATION

OF THE POLICY IN

THE MEMBER COUNTRIES

OF THE SCO

 

Annotation

The article deals with the process

of mediatization of the policy accelerating

the formation of information space of the

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

to ensure regional security and economic

stability within the community.

It is emphasized the need to design

 a national information infrastructure,

develop high technologies, strengthen

 information and political security

in countries in the SCO.

 

Key concepts:

mediatization of the policy,

SCO,

Networked Readiness Index,

information security.

 

 

Guzikova Mariya Olegovna

 

DECISION VERSUS LAW:

SOVEREIGNTY BY CARL

SCHMITT

 

Annotation

The article considers the genealogy of the

sovereignty concept in «Political Theology»

by Carl Schmitt in the framework of the

history of ideas and analyzes

the conceptualizations of the term

sovereignty in the ideology of decisionism.

The latter analysis follows the methodology

proposed by Michael Freeden for the study

of political ideology.

 

Key concepts:

sovereignty,

concept,

Carl Schmitt,

decisionism,

genealogy of ideas,

conceptualization.

 

 

Ershov Yuriy Gennadievich

 

PARADOXES OF THE

IDEOLOGICAL PROCESS

IN MODERN RUSSIA

 

Annotation

The article deals with the contradictions

between liberal ideology and practical

ideology of state power in Russia. It

describes the causes of disruption of

liberal reforms.

 

Key concepts:

ideology,

modernization,

modernity,

liberalism.

 

 

Kerimov Aleksandr Aliyevich

 

POLITICAL POWER IN

MODERN RUSSIA:

PROBLEMS OF LEGITIMACY

AND THEIR

SOLUTIONS

 

Annotation

The aspects of legitimacy of political power

in modern Russia is considered in the paper.

The author discloses causes delegitimizing

political power and suggests some ways to

overcome delegitimization.

 

Key concepts:

political power,

legitimacy,

legitimization of power,

personification of power,

paternalism,

corruption.

 

 

Degtyarev Yevgeniy Vladimirovich,

Senichev Ivan Viktorovich

 

PYRENEES AND RUSSIAN

EXPANSIONIST SYSTEMS:

SOME HISTORICAL

PARALLELS

 

Annotation

The authors analyze the features of the

expansionist systems of Portugal and Spain

in the modern history era. At the same time

they show some features (paradoxes) of

the origin and functioning of such systems.

The presence of a certain similarity in the

development of them with the expansionist

systems operating in Russia at various

stages of its historical development are

revealed and justified. Based on this, the

authors insist on the need to consider the

above mentioned circumstances, to research

the possible ways of development of our

country under the present conditions.

 

Key concepts:

expansion,

paradox

entrepreneurial spirit.

 

 

Borisov Aleksandr Sergeyevich,

Merkulov Pavel Aleksandrovich

 

SOME PROBLEMS OF

MODERN LAW-MAKING IN

RUSSIA

 

Annotation

The article discusses the ambiguity of the

wording in the definition

of law-making, to remove which

the author reveals his signs and formulated

the concept. The factors affecting

the quality of draft laws and regulations,

and the directions of their elimination.

Formulated a set of measures aimed at

strengthening the role of the legal scholars

in law-making. Presents practice-oriented

proposals for improving the law-making in

Russia.

 

Key concepts:

law-making,

regulations,

a draft federal law

«On normative legal acts of the Russian

Federation»,

the quality of draft laws and regulations,

the subjects of legislative initiative,

«Russian public initiative».

 

 

Rukavishnikova Tatyana Aleksandrovna

 

MECHANISM OF

INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

INSURANCE: THEORETIC

ASPECT

 

Annotation

The article provides the definition of the

mechanism of individual rights insurance,

points of view of different researchers are

described, the author’s point of view on the

topic is justified.

 

Key concepts:

mechanism of individual rights insurance,

individual rights protection.

 

 

Abramovskiy Aleksandr Andreevich

 

RURAL SQUAD - THE

MAIN INSTITUTION FOR

MAINTAINING PUBLIC

ORDER IN THE URAL

COUNTRYSIDE IN THE

FIRST YEAR OF THE SOVIET

POWER

 

Annotation

The article reveals the mechanism for

maintaining public order

in the Urals countryside in the first year

of Soviet power firstly through

the establishment of rural fighting squads.

It is shown the process of their formation

in each of the four provinces in the Urals.

 

Key concepts:

October revolution,

the Urals,

bodies of public order maintenance,

Red Guards,

squad.

 

 

Yanvareva Lyubov Viktorovna

 

LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT

IN SYSTEM OF INSTITUTES

OF THE PUBLIC POWER OF

MODERN RUSSIA

 

Annotation

The article is devoted to research

of institute of local self-government in

the Russian Federation, to definition of its

place and a role in system of institutes of

the public authority, to identification of

general characteristics of the state and municipal

authority, and also their distinctive

features. The article presents the analysis of

the problems connected, firstly, with legal

regulation of differentiation of authorities

between public authorities

and local self-governments, secondly, with

realization by state powers at local level

legislation suggestions for improvement in

legal regulation of local self-government in

the Russian Federation.

 

Key concepts:

state power,

local self-government,

municipalities,

public power.

 

 

Mateychuk Vasily Ivanovich

 

LEGAL REGULATION

DECISIONS OF THE

APPELLATE COURT IN

CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS

 

Annotation

This article discusses the types of decisions

appeal in criminal proceedings, different

points of view on these issues. The

author analyzes the legal rules governing

the adoption of these decisions and the

grounds for their adoption.

 

Key concepts:

criminal proceedings,

appeal proceedings,

the appellate court decisions in criminal

proceedings.

 

 

Belkin Vladimir Alekseyevich

 

CYCLES OF

MACROECONOMIC

INDICATORS AND SOLAR

ACTIVITY: MECHANISM

AND FACTS OF STRONG

STABLE RELATIONS

(1867–2014 YEARS)

 

Annotation

The author has revealed strong links of the

world product cycles (1961–2014), the US

GDP (1867–2014), the UK’s GDP (1893–

2013), the index of industrial production

in Russia (1861–2014), Inflation,

unemployment and stagflation in the

United States (1914–2014), on the one

hand, and solar cycles – on the other. On

the basis of such links in 2011 the author

developed and published forecasts

worsening world economic situation in

2014 year. In this article, he has developed

a new forecast worsening world economic

conjuncture in 2023–2024 years. The author

discloses the physical mechanism identified

links based on the achievements of modern

heliobiology.

 

Key concepts:

сycles of solar activity, global product,

cycles of global conjuncture, world

conjuncture, GDP cycles, GDP, US GDP,

UK GDP, industrial production index,

inflation, unemployment, stagflation,

forecasting economic crises,

economic cycles.

 

 

Butorina Olga Sergeyevna

 

ANALYSIS OF INNOVATION

ACTIVITY IN CHELYABINSK

REGION

 

Annotation

This paper investigates economic growth in

Chelyabinsk region using innovation activity

as the main criteria. Using the data

 published by the Federal State Statistics

Service of Russian Federation we analyze

dynamics of the innovation index and its

sub-indices in Chelyabinsk region

in the period from 2000 to 2012.

We perform comprehensive comparison

study of dynamics of innovation activity

between Chelyabinsk region and other

regions in the Ural Federal District

employing variety of indicators and

identifying leaders and outsiders. Based on

analysis of dynamics of the innovation

index, indicators of scientific and

technological capacities as well as number

of innovative companies and innovative

products, we conclude that there

is an urgent need for a comprehensive

overhaul of innovation policies

 in Chelyabinsk Region.

 

Key concepts:

innovation,

innovation activity,

index of innovation,

statistical analysis,

statistical report,

regional economics.

 

 

Chichkanov Valeriy Petrovich,

Semikolenov Artem Viktorovich

 

METHODS OF EVALUATING

THE EFFICIENCY OF

THE POWER INDUSTRY

ENTERPRISES IN THE

RUSSIAN REGIONS

 

Annotation

In the article the authors describe the

technique of evaluating the performance

of the power industry enterprises, based on

the aggregation in a single record both as

private financial performance criteria and a

wide range of internal and external factors

that directly affect the level of efficiency.

 

Key concepts:

power industry,

Indicators of efficiency,

integrated analysis.

 

 

 

Zarubetskiy Aleksandr Mikhaylovich,

Privetkin Andrey Anatol’yevich

 

MONETARY SUPPLY OF

CITIZENS IN RESERVE,

ACTING MILITARY SERVICE

 

Annotation

In 2013, along with the already

well-functioning system of manning the

Armed Forces in wartime among citizens in

reserve, a fundamentally new scheme for

the preparation of mobilization manpower

formed on a voluntary fee was launched.

Currently, the system of financial support

are not fully formed, monetary supply of

citizens in reserve, acting military service

was not complexly analyzed.

 

Key concepts:

recruitment of the Armed Forces,

Armed Forces reserve,

manpower mobilization,

monetary supply,

allowance.

 

 

Gordeyev Sergey Sergeyevich,

Zyryanov Sergey Grigoryevich,

Ivanov Oleg Petrovich,

Podoprigora Aleksandr Vasilyevich

 

RISKS AND PRIORITIES

OF REGIONAL

MANAGEMENT

IN THE CONDITIONS

OF ECONOMIC DEPRESSION

AND INFLATION GROWTH

 

Annotation

The entering of trends of GDP (GRP) growth

rate, salary rate and inflation to the zone of

stagflation is discovered on the base of study of

the system “real economy (production) – market

environment – society” in Russia and Chelyabinsk

region. These trends provoke new risks for social

and economic development. The criteria characterizing

the occurrence of conditions to economic

instability with attributes of stagflation is

formulated. The list of new social and economic

risks in stagflation conditions is presented; and

the problems of compromise priorities in regional

anti-crisis measures for economic stabilization

and reconstruction are described by the authors.

 

Key concepts:

Management, Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk

region, social and economic development, GDP,

GRP, salary, inflation, stagflation, dynamics,

analysis, trend, crisis, risks, priorities, anti-crisis

measures.

 

 

 

Zadvornova Elena Evgenyevna

 

ENGINEERS FOR THE

RAILWAY INDUSTRY

IN URAL TECHNICAL

UNIVERSITIES TRAINING

(1950–80’S YEARS)

 

Annotation

The author describes the key trends and

tendencies of development of engineers

for the railway industry in Ural technical

universities training. Special attention is paid

to the work of the Urals Electromechanical

Institute For Railway Engineers. The article

is of concern for those who are interested

in the history of higher technical education

development in the USSR.

 

Key concepts:

higher technical education,

technical university,

engineering personnel,

the Urals Electromechanical Institute For

Railway Engineers,

railway transport.

 

 

Lobovikov Vladimir Olegovich

 

«DIGITALIZING» MARXIST

PHILOSOPHY – A NEW

METHOD FOR CLEAR

UNDERSTANDING

DESTRUCTIVE ESSENCE OF

MARXIZM

(a Discrete Mathematical

Model of a Formal-Axiological

Aspect of the Marxist

Political-Economy Ideal and of

an Equivalence of This Ideal to

Self-Extermination of Socium)

 

Annotation

For the first time in the world logic-and-philosophy

literature and in the political-economy

one, the present paper submits strict proving

a theorem of formal-axiological equivalence

of the following moral-evaluation-functions:

the first – “socium’s self-extermination”; the

second – “socium’s extermination of private-ownership-of-means-of-production-ofmeans-of-socium’s existence”. This proving is

implemented by means of using the method

of “computing” evaluation-tables in two-valued

algebraic system of formal axiology. The

second moral-evaluation-function is considered

(and “computed”) as a composition of

corresponding moral-evaluation-functions

(“extermination”, “private”, “ownership”,

etc.), precise definitions of which are given

by the tabular method. In the two-valued

algebraic system of formal axiology a binary

relation of formal-axiological equivalence

among the evaluation-functions is defined

precisely. Therefore in relation to the purely

mathematical technique the submitted strict

proof is very simple. Nevertheless in relation

to conceptual-linguistic, psychological, and

applied socio-political relations the proof is

non-trivial and strategically important one for

both the socium and the power.

 

Key concepts:

algebra-of-formal-axiology; Marx;

extermination; private-ownership-of-meansof-production-of-means-of-life;

self-extermination.

 

 

Shreyber Viktor Konstantinovich

 

SHALL WE STUDY

CREATIONISM, OR

SOME REMARKS ON THE

WESTERN EXPERIENCE.

PART I

 

Annotation

Recently, there have been heard cautious

offers to introduce the teaching of ideas

of Genesis into school curricula to let pupils

get training in critical thinking. The analysis

of this proposal starts from specification of

meanings of “faith”, “belief” and “knowledge”.

Then the author suggests a review

of logical relations between the concepts

of faith and knowledge and shows that

all possible variants have real conceptual

equivalents in modern culture. So, this case

and the rise of religious fundamentalism

put under question the Enlightenment’s

expectancies that religious outlook will pass

away under the influence of scientific and

technological progress.

 

Key concepts:

belief,

faith,

knowledge,

the Enlightenment,

religious fundamentalism.